In 1930s Paul Bungartz, founder of Paul Bungartz GmbH & Co. KG, started working to solve problems related to mechanical seal and severe pumping applications which can be typically found in the chemical and fertilizer industry
Invention of Hydrodynamic shaft sealing system was a revolutionary solution for tough applications where conventional centrifugal pumps did not last long.
Followingly , in 1947 Bungartz started the pump manufacturing business with the idea of producing trouble free pumps and lowest possible maintenance requirements for tough applications which was based on invention of hydrodynamic shaft seal to eliminate the problems that normal centrifugal pumps face.
of V-AN Type
V-AN : Bungartz Self Adjusting Vertical Pump
Basically , hydro-dynamic shaft seal is based on regular impeller having back-vanes as seen in photos. When the pump is in operation, the back vanes creats a higher pressure than the impeller vanes itself. This higher pressure of the back vanes create a liquid free area around the shaft and seal the pump, only by a simple physically effect, during pump operation.
Hamitbat Power Plant Steam
Turbine Condensate Pump
Following video , can be watched a few times, was created to demonstrate this hydrodynamic shaft sealing property and dry shaft area.
Another unique solution of Bungartz is called V-AN pump. This is a vertical Bungartz pump utilizing hydrodynamic shaft seal plus additional special configurations to manage below issues :
•Hydrodynamic shaft seal
•Self-regulating pump type V-AN
Vertical type, solids not settling at shaft seal
NPSHR 0m, no cavitation
Can handle gas and solids up to 50%
Self - regulating
Self – venting during operation
No instrumentation required to protect pump against dry run (pump runs dry by design)
Discontinuous and continuous flows
•Robust shaft seal
•Bearing lifetime: 25,000hrs and above
•NO PIT REQUIREMENT , Pump can operate at normal operation level
Image on the right indicates , the basic installation of V-AN pump and yellow color is for the fluid when pump is in operation and blue is during standstill of pump.
Details of V-AN Design
If Gas Balance Line is closed, pump operates like a regular self-priming pump. If gas balance line is open, the special pump design creates a direct connection to the gas phase of the intake tank. Due to this, the pump is not able to suck anymore.
The consequence: A pump which is not able able to suck anymore can also not cravitate anymore, too !
*In boiling condition
V-AN pumps have three
nozzles instead of two standard
- 1 suction nozzle
- 1 discharge nozzle
- 1 gas balance nozzle
The animation shows the typically installation of the V-AN pump and the relationship between intake head in the vessel/tank and the pump flow. The Gas balance line must be connected to the gas phase of the intake tank/vessel, to get all the advantages of the V-AN Design.
Basically the pump operates like a chiffon and as long as the intake head increases, pumped flowrate increases, and vice-versa.
Below video demonstrates 2 conditions of V-AN pump
-When the gas balance line is closed, pump is not different than self-priming pumps
-But when it is open, pump utilizes hydro-dynamic seal, gas galance line and impeller geometry so achieve dry-running, self-adjusting pump :
Above video can be watched a few times to understand how the pump operates. If you have any questions, pls. don’t hesitate to contact us for specific questions :
Email : email@example.com
Additional videos for working under VACUUM (boiling fluid) & GAS are also below :
Most frequent application of V-AN Pumps in power plants is CONDENSATE application. Due to the advantages of V-AN pump, complete investment of condensate pump application is less than regular centrifugal pumps.
Below is an illustration of a regular pump and V-AN pump. Here you can see easily that investor can save costs of
-seal water not required
-mechanical seal cost eliminated
REGULAR PUMPS (Left) AND BUNGARTZ PUMPS (Right)
Some references lists can be reached from below links :